Minimising risk while cycling in London

These tips make the roads safer for you, and for other people. Novice and experienced cyclists alike can learn a lot from cycle training, so contact your local council to ask about free or subsidised lessons:

  • Be extra careful near large lorries The majority of cyclist fatalities involve HGVs. Read our advice for safer cycling around lorries.
  • Cycle away from parked cars Being car 'doored' is one of the most common causes of cycling crashes, and if struck you're in danger from behind run over by cars behind you. Always ride at least a metre, if not more, away from parked cars so you can avoid doors opening in your path.
  • Beware of fast-moving traffic Motorbikes and scooters often go much faster than other road users. They can come up behind you very quickly, so always check behind you before moving sideways, even within your own lane.
  • Take special care at junctions Most crashes happen at junctions so take extra care, especially when there are multiple lanes and vehicles are moving fast.
  • Don't use poor cycle lanes or tracks Cycle lanes (part of the roadway) or cycle tracks (segregated) can increase safety, but many in London are of poor quality: too short, give way to side streets, too narrow, put you in an unsafe riding position, blocked by parked cars or rubbish, and so on. Don't see them as an automatic route to reducing risk.
  • Be an assertive cyclist You have the same right to use the streets as other road users. It's safer to ride at least a metre from the kerb or parked cars so you can avoid opening car doors, and you're more visible to other road users, such as those pulling out from side roads or approaching from behind.
  • Try to make eye contact Make positive eye contact with other road users, including those who might turn into your path from side roads, and those driving behind you, or when you're waiting at traffic lights. Don't be afraid to smile, and be sure to thank people when they're courteous.
  • Use appropriate hand signals It's safer, and good manners, to signal when turning in the vicinity of other road users, including other cyclists and pedestrians.
  • Be considerate to people on foot Slow down and give pedestrians lots of space on shared paths, where they always have priority. When cycling along busy streets, go at a speed that'll allow you to avoid someone who steps off the pavement into your path.
  • Use lights at night It's a legal requirement to use lights at night; also consider wearing light or high-visibility clothing or adding reflective material to your bike or luggage.
  • Take extra care in bad weather Allow extra room to manoeuvre or stop, and give other road users extra space as they might need more braking time and have reduced visibility.
  • Don't ride through red lights This can be hazardous or frightening to others, especially those on foot. It's also a potential danger to yourself and is against the law. These actions are a major source of conflict with other road users, and unfairly present cyclists as frequent lawbreakers.
  • Don't ride on pavements unless it is a shared use space. Always give way to pedestrians as they are often not aware that many pavements allow cycling and they can be intimidated by close passing or fast cycling.
  • Don't use your phone on your bike Using a mobile phone cycling distracts your attention from the road, which is dangerous for you and other road users.
  • Carry baggage sensibly Consider buying panniers, a rack, basket or a rucksack: dangling shopping from handlebars or carrying bags under one arm makes it riding more risky.
  • Look after your bike Check your tyre pressure and brakes regularly. Contact your local group to find out about maintenance courses near you or contact us to organise a Dr Bike for your workplace, school or community group
  • Communicate calmly If another road user's actions cause you alarm, by all means explain this to them when it's safe to do so, but do it in a reasonable manner. If you shout at them angrily, they won't listen.