Spatial Development & Town Planning
Local authorities all publish plans showing where the council wants developments to take place, with planning designations (residential, leisure, industrial, green space, etc) for every area. Plans also cover general policy issues, such as guidelines on car parking provision. Cycling campaigners lobby to change these guidelines to express a maximum number of car parking spaces, instead of a minimum number. This is becoming more standard practice, as people realise that restricting car parking is key to tackling congestion and the projected increase in car journeys.
Plans may also include policies on how many cycle parking spaces should be included in new developments.
Fragmented land ownership can be a problem, as in situations where one landowner agrees to include a cycle route as part of their development plans, but with no guarantee that the neighbouring landowner will allow it to continue. There are plenty of examples of cycle routes in London that stop abruptly for just this reason.
Recent government policy dictates higher density developments in urban areas, putting extra pressure on public transport systems that are already struggling. Cycling, as a highly space-efficient means of transport, can be part of the overall transport solution.